"Done BY Ann . Dagg.S
The .1. Of May . 1818"
Collection Smithsonian American Art Museum
Gift of Patricia Smith Melton 1998.149.5
The caption for this quilt at the Smithsonian website reads:
"1818, Ann Dagge, hand-printed, indigo-resist,
white cottons, and linen 84 x 80 1/2 in. (213.4 x 204.5 cm)"
In building my mental case for an early American style of conventional applique I often thought of this quilt, first published in a Quilt Engagement Calendar and then in Rod Kiracofe's The American Quilt (pages 52 & 53) where it was attributed to Ann Daggs, Rochester, New York. The quilt apparently went from family[?] to the antique quilt dealers America Hurrah to collector Patricia Melton Smith who generously donated it to the Smithsonian with the rest of her significant collection of calico and chintz quilts. As in the above Smithsonian caption it is now attributed to Ann Dagge.
Here is a detail of the inscription.
And a portrait of the maker from The American Quilt.
There are many Daggs and Dagges in the history of Rochester, but Rochester's history is only a year older than this quilt. During the War of 1812 there was a small frontier settlement at at the mouth of the Genesee River. In 1817 Rochesterville was incorporated (population approximately 700) but the town didn't really grow until the building of the Erie Canal in the 1820s. This quilt may have resided in Rochester during the 19th and 20th centuries but it was not likely to have been made in that frontier settlement.
I have long used these quilts as evidence that American women during the War of 1812 had access to the very up-to-date British multi-colored calicoes seen in swatch books and British fashion magazines like Ackermann's....
Shawl print, April, 1811
But if these calico quilts are all English that theory is also on a slow boat to the Isle of Wight.
See the Dagge/Dagg's/Daggs quilt at the Smithsonian's webpage
And at Rod Kiracofe's