Center of the Ann Daggs or Ann Dagge quilt
Ann Dagge's 1818 quilt, attributed to Rochester, New York, in the collection of the Smithsonian, looks like a singular piece of folk art but it shares several characteristics with other quilts from the teens. All these quilts found in the U.S. rely on the latest multi-color calicoes rather than large-scale furnishing chintzes. For the next few weeks we shall consider this style.
Like Louisa Brigham's quilt below Dagge's quilt has a swag border with triple leaves.
Louisa Brigham 1818
Found by the Connecticut Quilt project.
The triple leaf motif is seen throughout the Brigham quilt
Louisa also included a pair of reptiles (alligators?) appliqued from calico. A family member brought this quilt to a quilt day. According to the wife of Louisa's descendant she was born April 9, 1793 in Barre, Vermont.
Here's a detail of Ann Dagge's quilt (bad color) showing her calico birds. Also note her flat cookie-shaped roses and three-lobed tulips, something we see a lot more of in later applique quilts.
Ann Robinson's 1813-14 quilt in the Shelburne Museum collection is similar---using flat flowers and tulips with many flowers composed of hexagons
Robinson also included calico animals and birds and many triple-leaf designs.
With several cornucopia.
Quilt inscribed Maria Whelpton,
aged 19, Feb. 27 1828.
Here's a similar calico quilt, a little more orderly and ten years later.
Maria used small-scale calicoes and a lot of oval leaf shapes.
My photos are fuzzy because I copied a photo in the 1991 Quilt Engagement Calendar.
The page has been hanging in and hanging around in my studio or twenty years. Those calico leaves in a white square are so much like Ann Robinson's.
Sources for all of these designs are not too hard to find.
Triple leaf motifs are common in embroidery
with a similar swag border
Triple leaves along the top border.
Embroidered sampler by Anna Braddock 1826
Braddock's sampler includes a cornucopia, tulips, birds and animals and, like Ann Robinson's quilt, a rather chaotic composition more familiar in samplers than in appliqued quilts.
These early conventional applique quilts, all found in the U.S., share so much---a certain early style, which then seems to disappear in the U.S. replaced by block-style design with more restrictions
1861 applique quilt by Esther Griffin
Griffin used similar design units but sashing confined her compositions forty-five years later.
The block below with the floating perspective common in samplers is unusual in a mid-century quilt.
Detail of a quilt signed M.S.from the
Byron and Sara Rhodes Dillow Collection at the
International Quilt Study Center and Museum. Estimated date about 1850.
See the whole quilt here (#2008.040.0114)